What Turned A Disagreement Into A War Or Armed Conflict
To play their part – saving future generations from the scourge of war – the United Nations must be reformed and strengthened. Member States are not allowed to conduct military operations without UN authorization; 1-5 Eradication of war will not be easy, but it can be achieved over time, and health professionals play a key role.1-6 There is a medical model – the eradication of smallpox and soon polio through follow-up, treatment and prevention – to turn a vision into reality. Promoting the rule of law at national and international levels is at the heart of the United Nations Mission. Respect for the rule of law is fundamental to achieving lasting peace after conflict, for effective protection of human rights, and for sustainable economic progress and sustainable development. The principle that everyone, from the individual to the state itself, must be accountable for laws that are promulgated publicly, applied in the same way and decided independently, is a fundamental concept that motivates much of the work of the United Nations. The main organs of the United Nations, including the General Assembly and the Security Council, have a vital role to play in helping Member States strengthen the rule of law, as well as many United Nations entities. Recognising that the United Nations must better anticipate and address the challenges of peace-building, the 2005 World Summit approved the creation of a new peace-building commission. In their resolutions establishing the Peacebuilding Commission, Resolution 60/180 and Resolution 1645 (2005), the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council called on the General Assembly and the Security Council to bring together all relevant stakeholders to discuss the proposed integrated strategies for peace-building and peacemaking in times of conflict; Pooling resources and ensuring predictable funding for these activities; develop good practices in cooperation with political actors on security, humanitarian aid and development. However, in Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security, the UN Security Council recognized that the integration of women and gender equality issues in decision-making can strengthen prospects for lasting peace. The reference resolution addresses the situation of women in armed conflict and calls for their participation at all levels of decision-making on conflict resolution and peace-building. Today`s conflicts are less numerous, but deeply rooted. For example, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Darfur and South Sudan are now in a second or third wave of conflict.
And many are complicated by regional dimensions that are essential to solving them.